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Role Of Outdoor Games On Children Self Efficacy

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Role Of Outdoor Games On Children Self Efficacy

Background

Name of the School (Govt Girls Elementary School khan piyara).

(Overall background of the participants of the project; area/school: (socio-economic status, occupation/profession – earning trends of majority of the parents, literacy rate, academic quality, and any other special trait of the community where the school is situated)

GGES KHAN PIYARA:

GGES Khan Piyara is located in Khan Piyara, tehsil and district Gujranwala. There are 12 teachers and 700 students enrolled in the school. The school building is looking very good. There are more than 7 classrooms and staff rooms. Playground, washroom, parking, clean drinking water electricity, and other basic facilities are available for the students.

This action research project is titled “Role Of Outdoor Games On Children Self Efficacy.” At GGES Khan Piyara.

Demographic details of participants: For the present research 40 participants are selected form the school, their ages are between 10-12 years. I selected students from grade 6th from sections A. Among 40 students, there are all girls thus they make the total of 40 students as a sample for the present research.

Socio-economic condition of participants: The socio-economic status is not on the level of satisfaction. Students participating in this research belong to a category whose socio-economic conditions are good. Such families have not enough means to manage the expenses of their children study. The participants belong to middle class families. Thus, they very much rely on school teachers and the curriculum.

Location of the school: The present research is conducted in a public school “Govt Girls Elementary School” which is situated in the district Gujranwala.

The school has great discipline and is very organized in teaching curriculum of Gujranwala board. The school also achieves great 80-90% annual result every year. Hence it has a very good ratio of passing students every year.

Occupation / Profession and earning trends:

That’s was rural area mostly people are attached with agriculture were 25% parents of the students attached with agriculture, 5% in teaching profession .2 % people well educated jobs and remaining were laborers. I got the occupation information from the index of school register.

Literacy Rate:

I notice that the literacy rate of the city it was not so bad. Literacy rate 35 percent. It was good. Parent’s meetings were arranged in school then I observed the literacy rate of the located. Almost 25% parents were well educated and other parents were uneducated.

Special Traits of Community:

The community where the school was situated have not strong financial condition mostly people were laborers. They have to do strict effort to fulfill the school expenses of their children. Students participate in games and then go to high level. Private school were present in this village. People respect to the teachers.

Theme:

Developing Students well-being

Sub-theme:

(Developing Self-Efficacy)

Topic:

ROLE OF OUTDOOR GAMES ON CHILDREN SELF EFFICACY.

1. Why did you select this specific sub-theme and topic? Relate it to your experience/problem in your classroom/institution.

(Give the background and rationale of the study)

The reason behind the selection of the topic: This action research was designed to investigate the role of outdoor games on children’s self-efficacy.  Although, well-managed school provide an environment in which outdoor games conducted for students to increase the level of self-efficacy”. “Many research studies have resulted that a conducive classroom environment promotes students ‘self-efficacy through outdoor games”. “Classroom management strategies are a crucial part of teachers’ success in creating a safe and effective learning environment for students in building self-efficacy”. “The purpose of education is to provide a safe and friendly environment in order for learning”.  “Therefore, teachers should know how to use and apply strategies that will allow and also help students to improve student performance as well as increase self-efficacy.”.

The following reasons behind lack of student self-efficacy which was observed in the school. This research identifies the solution of these.

1.Focus Just on Books Reading:

Some school teachers just focus on books reading. Thay do not involve the students in any other physical task like outdoor game which can be helpful for building confidence and self-efficacy in students.

2.Poor Mental Health:

Poor mental health is also associated with rapid social change, stressful work conditions, gender discrimination, social exclusion, unhealthy lifestyle, physical ill-health and human rights violations. There are specific psychological and personality factors that make people vulnerable to mental health problems.

 3.Emotional Immaturity:

Emotional immaturity as a condition where a person hasn’t given up the desires or fantasies of their childhoods. These desires and fantasies have to do with them being the center of the universe. They can also even involve “bending” reality to be what they want.

4.Irresponsibility:

Irresponsible is not capable of handling assignments or taking responsibility. An example of an irresponsible person is someone who constantly forgets to do her assignments.

5.Poor Home Environment:

Home environment is usually a place in which an individual or a family can rest and be able to store personal motivation. But if home environment not motivated like parents quarrels with on another all the time, then this thing has most negative impact on the mind of students.

6.Lack of Interest in School Activities:

Lack of interest can be caused by difficultly concentrating, family problems, emotional difficulties, learning disabilities, and many other factors. Having said that, as a teacher, you still have to do your best and try to get them to learn at least the basics of any subject.

7.Resistance to School Rules and Regulations:

Policies are important because they help a school establish rules and procedures and create standards of quality for learning and safety, as well as expectations and accountability. Without these, schools would lack the structure and function necessary to provide the educational needs of students. But some students not follow this. These things lead to decrease in self-esteem of students.

I have selected the above topic because now a day it is a common problem of all. Students have lack of self-efficacy during the period. Students do not focus in class on the base of following reasons. I selected the above topic so this research identifies the solution of this problem.

2.What was your discussion with your colleague / friend / senior teacher or supervisor regarding the problem.

(Provide your discussion with your colleague or supervisor for better understanding of the problem and alternate solutions).

self-efficacy is “the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations.” Self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation.

When I discuss the whole matter role of outdoor games on children efficacy with my other colleagues and senior teachers it was argued that self-efficacy and encouragement should be a major area of concern to teachers and students. This is the concern of this chapter which tends to summarize what is essential to be known about the self-efficacy building process as it relates to outdoor games, rewarding system and encouragement. Almost all the teachers and colleagues were in favor of the statement that the outdoor games and encouragement are possessing self-efficacy. Because outdoor games and self-efficacy are very alternative. No any students can get fluency in one skill without other skill. The researcher conducted this study which focused on the Development of self-efficacy that lead to good behavior and performance of students.

A teacher’s most important activity in a typical class environment is the one related to classroom management that leading to build self-efficacy in students through games. Appreciation ultimately enhance good behavior and personality like praise, reward offering. But punishment cannot apply for all students. Punishment put negative impact on some students like punished the students. Learning and teaching cannot take place in a mismanaged classroom. In limited terms, classroom management is the management of the class by educational motives. Contemporary understanding of classroom management approach calls for conceiving class as a system. Class in educational system is a subsystem of educational management and at the same time a formal organization. Within this framework, classroom management could be defined as the process of arranging the classroom environment and its physical structure under the laws in order to satisfy the expectations of the educational system, the curriculum, the school, the lesson, the teacher and of the students, constituting the rules, relation patterns and administration of class order; planning, presenting and evaluating educational activities, recognizing students’ assets; providing student motivation; arranging classroom communication pattern; attaining classroom discipline,  effective and productive employment of time, human and material resources in order to prevent students’ undesired behavior.

Self-efficacy is a response, which an individual show to his environment at different times. Self-efficacy can be positive or negative, effective or ineffective, conscious or unconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary. Self-efficacy can be regarded as any action of an organism that changes its relationship to its environment. Self-efficacy provides outputs from the organism to the environment. The meaning of Self-efficacy is to conduct or carry oneself or behavior in what we do, especially in response to outside stimuli anything that an organism does that involves action and response to stimulation. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the role of outdoor games in development of student’s self-efficacy of Elementary school students.

3.What did you find about the problem in the existing literature (books / articles/websites)?

(Explore books and online resources to know what and how has been already done regarding this problem).

Effective and outdoor learning process is directly related to the effective classroom management. Without effective classroom management, teaching learning has no fruitful and productive outcomes. Effective classroom management depends on the competencies (capacity, proficiency) of teachers. Good managers devise and announce classroom rules and regulations at the beginning of session in order to control classroom disruptive behaviors and make the classroom atmosphere favorable for teaching learning process.

Teachers use a variety of outdoor games and stimulus (encouragement) to motivate students. According to Ivancevich and Matteson (1990:171) “teachers use a variety of outdoor games to attract and maintain students and to motivate them to achieve their teaching goals.” Rewarding students is therefore vital for the teaching success. Incentives are external stimuli which can be used as stimulants to productivity.

When a behavior leads to desirable outcomes, it is more likely to occur in future situations. Therefore, reinforcing is merely the impact seen by the reinforcing agent. To determine whether an event is capable of reinforcing its impact should be considered.

Armstrong (2012), states that “outdoor activities deals with the strategies, policies and processes required to ensure that the people’s value and contributions they make to achieving developmental goals of teaching and rewarded.” It can therefore be seen that rewards play an important role in motivating students to perform at their best and also to maintain top performers. Lathan’s (2002:45) observes that “teachers provide rewards to their personnel in order to try to motivate their performance and encourage their loyalty and maintained.”

As already demonstrated, extrinsic motivation is a deeper issue than it come because it may undermine intrinsic (natural) motivation under certain conditions and promote it under others conditions. (Williams & Stockdale, 2004). However, it is worthwhile for all teachers have an understanding of extrinsic outdoor games because “many of the tasks that educators want their students to perform are not inherently interesting and knowing”. How to promote more active and volitional (a choice or decision made) forms of extrinsic motivation becomes an essential strategy for successful teaching’. (Ryan & Deci,2000).

It is important to understand that before analyzing different outdoor games options, factors that affect reward strategies and practices. Each teacher is faced with a number of internal and external factors that affect the self-efficacy is structured and administered. Armstrong (2010), identifies teaching culture, sector or work environment, students, teaching strategy, school climate as key internal variables that affect reward strategies. Each of these factors are different for each school and the teachers will develop a reward system based on how it values each of the variables. Armstrong (2010:17).

These factors play an important role and may force teachers to take certain decisions. In discussing different types of outdoor games and incentives it is important to first categorize these. Rewards can be viewed as intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic rewards “are intangible (invisible) rewards concerned with the work environment (quality of education, the teachers teaching) recognition, performance management and learning and development” Armstrong (2002:99). Kinicki and Kreitner (1998), state that financial, material and social rewards are extrinsic rewards because they come from the environment.

To apply a self-efficacy to a classroom students, a teacher must first understand what a self-efficacy is and what the advantages n disadvantages are when using it. The term reward is broadly defined as a tool that teacher use to try and reinforce a desired behavior (Wetzel and Mercer, 2003). The elements that determine the effectiveness of a reward are how it is delivered by the teachers and how it is perceived by the student (Wetzel and Mercer, 2012). If a teacher delivers a reward for good behavior, the student must make the connection between the right behavior and the reward. If students think they were rewarded for a different behavior, then the given reward will not be effective, and the student will have associated getting a reward with the wrong behavior (Wetzel and Mercer, 2012). So, teachers need to make sure that when giving rewards, student understand why they received them.

Categories of Reward

Rewards can be broken down into categories;

  1. Intrinsic rewards
  2. Extrinsic rewards

Intrinsic Rewards

When a student receives an intrinsic reward, it is because they have completed an assignment or task due to internal motivation (Williams & Stockdale, 2004). Some common intrinsic rewards are ‘‘task completion, feedback or result, acquisition of knowledge or skill, and a sense of mastery’’ (Wetzel & Stockdale). However, this award can be beneficial compared to extrinsic rewards, because they do not require an external stimulus, such as the teacher. The student will stay on task because they are motivated by their own determinations. However, intrinsic reward will not always be Satisfactory for students, since they may not have any internal motivation to complete a task.

Extrinsic Rewards

Extrinsic rewards are rewards given by someone outside of the individual, such as a teacher (Wetzel & Mercer). Some common extrinsic rewards are ‘‘primary objects, tangible objects, token systems, social approval, and project activities’’. In 1991, Newby found by new teachers use extrinsic rewards and motivation more than any other strategy. Extrinsic rewards may motivate student complete tasks that they would otherwise disregard. However, this reward can have a negative effect, where students grow dependent on them for motivation in completing their assignments.

In the classroom, most rewards will be a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. For instance, students may engage in an activity both because of what, they will learn will be the intrinsic rewards, while the grade that they receive will be the extrinsic rewards.

It is important to understand, before analyzing different reward options, factors that affect reward strategies and practices. Each organization is faced with a number of internal and external factors that affect the reward system is structured and administered. (Armstrong, 2010) identifies organizational culture, the organizations business or sector or work environment, people, business strategy, political and social climate as key internal variables that affect reward strategies. Each of these factors are different for each organization and the organization will then develop a reward system based on how it values each of the variables. For example, “Bankers, entrepreneurial directors or sales representatives will be more interested in financial incentives than, say people engaged in charitable work” (Armstrong, 2010:17).

External aspects that may affect reward strategies include globalization, rate of pay in the marketplace, the economy, societal factors, legislation and trade unions, (Armstrong, 2010). These factors play an important role and may force organizations to take certain decisions for example trade unions in South Africa have a big influence in worker package and incentives.

In discussing different types of rewards and incentives it is important to first categorize these. Rewards can be viewed as intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic rewards “are intangible rewards concerned with the work environment (quality of working life, work life balance) recognition, performance management and learning and development” Armstrong (2002:99). Kinicki and Kreitner (1998) state that financial, material and social rewards are extrinsic rewards because they emanate from the environment.

Tom Peters argues that by following the right method of rewarding, one can obtain excellent results. The Theorist Edward. Lorler believe that reward must be dependent on performance (Cohen, 2013).

The biggest mistake any parents can make is to delay the reward for an appropriate behavior. A reward will be most effective if it immediately follows the behavior. So that the desirable behavior is validated.  (Patterson, 1983). Rey states that during the delay between the behavior and reward, the subject may exhibit, other behavior. Thus, the targeted behavior may remain undeveloped since the unwanted behavior is also reinforced. (Seyf, 2011).

4.What were the major variables / construct of your project? Give definitions / description from literature?

(what are the key terms in your topic or study? What do you mean of these terms? What particular meaning you will attach to the term when used in this project).

Variables of the study:

Total three variables included in this research. two were independent variables and one was dependent variable. Outdoor games and encouragement used as independent variables and student’s self-efficacy used as dependent variable.

1.Outdoor Games:

Activities include backpacking, canoeing, canyoning, caving, climbing, hiking, hill walking, hunting, kayaking, and rafting. Broader groupings include water sports, snow sports, and horseback riding. Outdoor recreation allows individuals to engage in physical activity whilst being immersed in nature.

2.Students Encouragement:

Tangible forms of encouragement give students a visual reminder that they have the power to learn and succeed. They are especially effective when used sparingly or in moderation after students achieve learning milestones in the classroom

  • Give Positive Feedback. …
  • Set Realistic Expectations and Celebrate When They Are Met. …
  • Let Your Own Excitement Come Through. …
  • Vary Your Teaching Methods. …
  • Facilitate Don’t Dominate. …
  • Make Topics Practical. …
  • Show StudentsTheir Own Successes. …
  • Get Out of the Book

 3.Self-Efficacy:

self-efficacy is “the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations.” Self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. self-efficacy is about having the strong, positive belief that you have the capacity and the skills to achieve your goals. Self-efficacy affects every area of human endeavor. By determining the beliefs, a person holds regarding their power to affect situations, it strongly influences both the power a person actually has to face challenges competently and the choices a person is most likely to make.

5.what did you want to achieve in this research project?

(Objective/ purpose of the study; what was the critical question that was tried to be answered in this project).

  • Research Objectives

Purpose of the study the role of outdoor games on children efficacy So, the study will focus on the causes of problems of students regarding this.” In order to achieve said aims, the following objectives are designed:

Objectives of the Study

Following was the main objective of the study.

  1. To explore the relationship between outdoor games and students’ self-efficacy at Elementary level.
  2. To explore the relationship between student encouragement and self-efficacy development at Elementary level.
  3. To find out the reasons behind the lack of self-efficacy of students.
  4. To give suggestion for the improvement of the situation.

Research Questions of the study

  • What is the relationship between outdoor games and student’s self-efficacy at Elementary level.?
  • What is the relationship between student encouragement and self-efficacy development at Elementary level?
  • What are the reasons behind the lack of self-efficacy of students.?

RQ4. What are the suggestions for the improvement of the situation?

6.Who were the participants in your project?

(Give details of the individuals or groups who were focused in this project e.g., the early grade students whose handwriting in Urdu was not good or the students of class 8 who did not have good communication skills).

Population

The population of the study comprised girls studying at Govt Girls Elementary School Khan Piyara of Pakistan.

Sample

A total of “40” students were taken as a sample of the study. Gujranwala City was taken as Convenient sample by applying the Matched Pair Random Sampling Technique. So, total sample size was 40 respondents including female students. This sample provide appropriate knowledge regarding all the students of the school they studying in the school.

 

7.How did you try to solve the problem?

(Narrate the process stepwise. Procedure of intervention and date collection)

Research Methodology

All research methods and techniques that will be used in this study are given below.

Research Method:

Research method may describe into three forms: Quantitative Method, Qualitative method and Mixed Method. In the study, quantitative research method was used, because data was collected by using questionnaire in the light of students’ and teachers’ perception.

Research Design:

It is descriptive and survey research about “Role of outdoor games on children self-efficacy”.

Population:

A population is otherwise called an all-around characterized gathering of people or questions known to have comparative attributes. All people or protests inside a specific population typically have a typical, restricting trademark or characteristic. The target population of this study was the students of public school of Pakistan. The data was collected from student’s public schools by filling up the questionnaire.

Sampling Technique

Convenient sampling technique was used in this study.

 Sample

In research a sample is a gathering of individuals, that are taken from a bigger population for estimation. The example ought to be illustrative of the population to guarantee that we can sum up the discoveries from the exploration test to the population all in all. 40 students were selected from government school.

 Data collection procedure

Data was collected by through questionnaires. One questionnaire was filled by one student according to his point of view. In this way 40 questionnaire filled by 40 respondents. On the base of this data know the opinion of students, find out the problems of students, and provided solution to sort out these problems. Open ended and closed ended questions were used for the purpose of data collection. In closed ended questionnaires 5 Likert point scale questions were developed in the form of strongly agreed (SA=5), Agree (A=4), Undecided (UD=3), Disagree (DA=2) and strongly Disagree (DA=1).

Data Analysis

Data collection measure means the tool through which the data can be collected”. There are different sources of data collection like scales, proxies, and questions. In this study the researcher used appropriate research tools and software to analysis of data, like; SPSS 18 software analysis in which descriptive analysis was used to find out the frequency, percentage, means and minimum/maximum values etc.

 

8.What kind of instrument was used to collect the data? How was the instrument developed?

(For example, observation, Questionnaire, rating scale, interview, student work, portfolio, test etc.)

Instruments:

The study used questionnaires as the main research instrument. Questionnaire is the form in which different questions asked by the sample of the study to complete the goal of the study.

Questionnaires were three in counting and labeled as:

1-Closed Ended Questionnaire for students about outdoor games and its impact on student’s self-efficacy.

2-Close Ended Questionnaire for students about self-efficacy development of students.

3-Questionnaire for students’ suggestions for effective encouragement in the classroom.

Questionnaire for students:

The following main questions guided the collection and analysis of data for the present study. All the information that containing in these questions ultimately helpful for developing self-efficacy in students.

  1. All students are motivated to perform well in outdoor games?
  2. Different techniques used to increase the self-efficacy of students?
  3. Rewards encourage the student to perform well?
  4. Are the students being rewarded positively?
  5. Are the students being rewarded by their unsatisfactory performance?
  6. Outdoor games improve the self-efficacy of students?
  7. Are the students happy after participating outdoor games?
  8. Encouragement of the students develop self-efficacy?
  9. Does the misbehavior of students is change with reward?
  10. Teacher use reward for whole class to improve self-efficacy of the students?

Instruments, participants and procedures of quantitative data collection are presented in the following sections.

Data analysis

After the collection of the data, it was tabulated. Questionnaires were analyzed. After collecting data, the simple percentage and frequency model was applied to evaluate the score on different performance indicators to check the significance.

9.What were the findings and conclusion?

Findings:

  1. Overall majority (98%) of the respondents agreed that Are students are motivated to perform well in outdoor games.
  2. Overall majority (92%) of the respondents agreed that Different techniques used to increase the self-efficacy of students.
  3. Overall majority (98%) of the respondents agreed that Rewards encourage the student to perform well.
  4. Overall majority (97%) of the respondents agreed that Are the students being rewarded positively.
  5. Overall majority (95%) of the respondents agreed that Are the students being rewarded by their unsatisfactory performance.
  6. Overall majority (96%) of the respondents agreed that outdoor games improve the self-efficacy of students.
  7. Overall majority (98%) of the respondents agreed that Are the students happy after participating outdoor games.
  8. Overall majority (99%) of the respondents agreed that Encouragement of the students develop self-efficacy.
  9. Overall majority (92%) of the respondents agreed that Does the misbehavior of students is change with reward.
  10. Overall majority (95%) of the respondents agreed that Teacher use reward for whole class to improve self-efficacy of the students.

Conclusions

The researcher in this study, from the findings concluded by analysis the following conclusion:

Outdoor games is the most powerful tool of student’s self-efficacy. Encouragement to increase a response not only works better, but allows both parties to focus on the positive aspects of the situation. Punishment, when applied immediately following the negative behavior can be effective, but problems may result when it is not applied consistently. Punishment can also invoke other negative emotional responses, such as anger and resentment.

Teacher-student relationships are crucial for the success of both teachers and students. As a feature of classroom administration, such connections are the most noteworthy factor in deciding an educator’s work as effective. The impact of instructor’s conduct assumes a critical job in the scholastic accomplishment of understudies. An instructor needs to show outstanding sympathy, constancy, industriousness, truthfulness, examine introduction, trustworthiness and adaptability as a man. Instructors likewise should be mindful in the manner by which anything that a living being does that includes activity and reaction to incitement.

Teaching is the activity of teachers for the purposes of education. So, it is the duty of teachers to knowledge the students as well as to develop self-efficacy in them through outdoor games. Teaching is an arrangement and manipulation of a situation in which building students’ self-efficacy.

 

That good classroom management strategies show that reward system develop discipline, critical thinking, student’s confidence policies, punctuality, self-discipline, leadership skills, confidence and honesty in Elementary school students According to the perceptions of Elementary school students (in open-ended question), majority of the respondents (Elementary school students) agreed that students ‘outdoor games have a stronger effect on developing self-efficacy, punctuality, student’s confidence policies, leadership skill, teamwork, character development and adaptability.

10.Summary of the Project

University recommended me some developing basic skills in which theme and sub theme. My topic that I choose ROLE OF OUTDOOR GAMES ON CHILDREN SELF-EFFICACY. I choose this topic because I have to face problem about self-efficacy in the school. Because students feel shy when they have to perform in outdoor games. It is difficult to create self-efficacy in the students during teaching.

The sample comprised a total of 40 students drawn from Elementary school of district Gujranwala. They were selected by simple random sampling technique.

This study investigated student’s self-efficacy through outdoor games among Elementary school’s students. It also investigated the effects of school environment and management related differences on students’ academic performance in the concept of measurement when taught using hygienic environment and Unhygienic environment in the class.

Questionnaire Instrument used for students for data collection. Research design was descriptive. The result was finding that the reward system and encouragement develops self-efficacy in students regarding study. Teachers’ behavior and teaching method also impact on students ‘behavior.

 

11.How do you feel about this practice? What have you learnt?

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of outdoor games on children self-efficacy.  My research in rural area basic skills. My project participants were the students of Govt Girls Elementary School Khan Piyara situated in Gujranwala district. In rural areas mostly people maintain discipline but not all.

Classroom positive reinforcement atmosphere is very important element in study because it helps in the learning of students. So, I used different technique for creating motivational atmosphere in the class to participate in outdoor games to develop self-efficacy. Students were happy and learn quickly on the base of hygienic atmosphere in the class. I feel pleasure. I think in our rural areas teacher create motivational atmosphere in the class through rewarding system then students have no problem of self-efficacy. Students’ response to the implementation of teaching if they teach in hygienic atmosphere. I created hygienic atmosphere in the class through different activities. I learn that how to improve the student’s behavior and personality during the study. Finally, I feel satisfied.

12.What has it added to your professional skills as a teacher?

It added some new things in my knowledge key points are given below.

  • It made me good organizer.
  • It made me ready for everything that is throw their way.
  • It enabled me how to create motivational atmosphere in the classroom to develop self-efficacy.
  • It built confidence in me that how to deal with rural areas students for improving self-efficacy through outdoor games.
  • Before these activities I was not a good organizer.it made me innovative.
  • I started find out new things before I have not insert. But when I started my project a grate change brought in my thinking.
  • I capable to find out new things.
  • It made me good effective teacher and mentor.
  • It made me good role model.
  • It made me confident. Teacher discipline can help influence other to be a better person.
  • It made me capable to understand how to create classroom atmosphere according to student’s psyche to develop self-efficacy and personality at Elementary level.
  • It tells me how negative punishing atmosphere effect on student’s personality level and communication.

Q.13 List the works you cited in your project.

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Blundell, P., Hall, G., & Killcross, S. (2003). Preserved sensitivity to outcome value after lesions of the basolateral amygdala. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(20), 7702–7709.

Burns, L. H., Robbins, T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1993). Differential effects of excitotoxic lesions of the basolateral amygdala, ventral subiculum and medial prefrontal cortex on responding with conditioned reinforcement and locomotor activity potentiated by intra-accumbens infusions of d-amphetamine. Behavioural Brain Research, 55(2), 167–183.

Cador, M., Robbins, T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1989). Involvement of the amygdala in stimulus reward associations— interaction with the ventral striatum. Neuroscience, 30(1), 77–86.

Cardinal, R. N., & Aitken, M. R. F. (2001). Whisker (Version 2.2) [Computer software]. Available from http://www. whiskercontrol.com. Cardinal, R. N., Parkinson, J. A., Marbini, H. D., Toner, A. J., Bussey, T. J.,

Robbins, T. W., et al. (2003). Role of the anterior cingulate cortex in the control over behavior by Pavlovian conditioned stimuli in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117(3), 566–587.

Dickinson, A., & Balleine, B. (2002). The role of learning in the operation of motivational systems. In H. Pashler & R. Gallistel (Eds.), Steven’s handbook of experimental psychology: Vol. 3. Learning, motivation, and emotion (3rd ed., pp. 497–533).

New York: John Wiley & Sons. Dickinson, A., & Dearing, M. F. (1979). Appetitive-aversive interactions and inhibitory processes. In A. Dickinson & R. A. Boakes (Eds.), Mechanisms of learning and motivation (pp. 203–231).

Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Everitt, B. J., Parkinson, J. A., Olmstead, M. C., Arroyo, M., Robledo, P., & Robbins, T. W. (1999). Associative processes in addiction and reward. The role of amygdala-ventral striatal subsystems. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 877, 412–438.

Holland, P. C. (1993). Cognitive aspects of classical conditioning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 3(2), 230–236.

Balleine, B. W., Killcross, A. S., & Dickinson, A. (2003). The effect of lesions of the basolateral amygdala on instrumental conditioning. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(2), 666–675.

Baxter, M. G., Parker, A., Lindner, C. C., Izquierdo, A. D., & Murray, E. A. (2000). Control of response selection by reinforcer value requires interaction of amygdala and orbital prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 20(11), 4311–4319.

Blundell, P., Hall, G., & Killcross, S. (2003). Preserved sensitivity to outcome value after lesions of the basolateral amygdala. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(20), 7702–7709.

Burns, L. H., Robbins, T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1993). Differential effects of excitotoxic lesions of the basolateral amygdala, ventral subiculum and medial prefrontal cortex on responding with conditioned reinforcement and locomotor activity potentiated by intra-accumbens infusions of d-amphetamine. Behavioural Brain Research, 55(2), 167–183.

Cador, M., Robbins, T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1989). Involvement of the amygdala in stimulus reward associations— interaction with the ventral striatum. Neuroscience, 30(1), 77–86.

Cardinal, R. N., & Aitken, M. R. F. (2001). Whisker (Version 2.2) [Computer software]. Available from http://www. whiskercontrol.com. Cardinal, R. N., Parkinson, J. A., Marbini, H. D., Toner, A. J., Bussey, T. J., Robbins, T. W., et al. (2003). Role of the anterior cingulate cortex in the control over behavior by Pavlovian conditioned stimuli in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117(3), 566–587.

Dickinson, A., & Balleine, B. (2002). The role of learning in the operation of motivational systems. In H. Pashler & R. Gallistel (Eds.), Steven’s handbook of experimental psychology: Vol. 3. Learning, motivation, and emotion (3rd ed., pp. 497–533).

New York: John Wiley & Sons. Dickinson, A., & Dearing, M. F. (1979). Appetitive-aversive interactions and inhibitory processes. In A. Dickinson & R. A. Boakes (Eds.), Mechanisms of learning and motivation (pp. 203–231).

Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Everitt, B. J., Parkinson, J. A., Olmstead, M. C., Arroyo, M., Robledo, P., & Robbins, T. W. (1999). Associative processes in addiction and reward. The role of amygdala-ventral striatal subsystems. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 877, 412–438.

Holland, P. C. (1993). Cognitive aspects of classical conditioning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 3(2), 230–236.

How to Make Lips Pink and Healthy at Home Naturally

How to Make Lips Pink and Healthy at Home Naturally

#Health #Beauty #Tips #Natural #Healthy #Skin #Home #Remedies #totky #Homemade #Face #Skin #Hair #Girls #Boys #Makeup #Nail #Tricks #BeautyTips #SkinCare #MakeupTips #HairCareBeauty

How to Make Lips Pink and Healthy at Home Naturally  If you want to make baby pink lips without applying lipstick, use a spoonful of glycerin in a prescribed way and beautify the lips.

Our smile enhances the beauty of the face but if there is no attraction on the lips then the smile fades. And if you also want your lips to be baby pink without applying any lipstick, just know these tips of a spoonful of glycerin and make your lips beautiful.

Benefit:
* Glycerin helps to retain hydrogen in the skin due to which the lips become soft and smooth and their color also turns pink.
٭ It contains alpha-hydroxy acids, lactic acids, glycolic acid, hyaluronic acid, propylene glycol, sorbitol, butylene glycol and
There are organic compounds like carbamide that help make your lips pink.

Tips:
* Mix two tablespoons of rose water in one tablespoon of glycerin and apply it to the lips. It will also soften the skin of the lips and keep the lips moisturized.
* Mix half a teaspoon of beetroot juice in a teaspoon of glycerin and apply it to the lips. This will heal chapped lips as soon as possible and no bleeding will occur.
* If you have inflammation and burning sensation on the lips, mix Vaseline in a tablespoon of glycerin and apply to the lips. It will also solve the problem of irritation or inflammation and will also make the lips pink.
٭ If you do not want to apply lipstick and lips are also pink, mix a tablespoon of glycerin in the color of yellow and a tablespoon of milk and apply it on the lips daily in the morning or leave it for 20 minutes at any time of the day. This will give you quick results.

لپ سٹک لگائے بغیر بے بی پنک ہونٹ بنانا چاہتی ہیں تو ایک چمچ گلیسرین کو بتائے گئے طریقے سے استعمال کریں اور ہونٹوں کو خوبصورت بنائیں

ہماری مسکراہٹ چہرے کی خوبصورتی کو اور زیادہ بڑھا دیتی ہے لیکن اگر ہونٹوں پر کشش نہ ہو تو مسکراہٹ ماند پڑ جاتی ہے۔ اور اگر آپ بھی چاہتی ہیں آپ کے ہونٹ بے بی پنک ہو جائیں وہ بھی بغیر کسی لپ سٹک لگائے تو بس ایک چمچ گلیسرین کی یہ ٹپس جانیں اور ہونٹوں کو حسین بنائیں۔

فائدہ
٭ گلیسرین جلد میں ہائیڈروجن کو برقرار رکھنے میں مدد دیتا ہے جس کی وجہ سے ہونٹ نرم و ملائم بھی ہو جاتے ہیں اور ان کی رنگت بھی گلابی ہوجاتی ہے۔
٭ اس میں الفا ہائیڈروکسی ایسڈز، لیکٹک ایسڈز، گلائیکولک ایسڈ، ہائیلورونک ایسڈ، پروپیلین گلائیکول، سوربیٹول، بیوٹیلین گلائیکول اور
کاربیمائیڈ جیسے نامیاتی مرکبات پائے جاتے ہیں جو اس کو آپ کے ہونٹ پنک پنک بنانے میں مدد دیتے ہیں۔

ٹپس
٭ ایک چمچ گلیسرین میں دو چمچ عرقِ گلاب مکس کرکے ہونٹوں پر لگائیں اس سے ہونٹوں کی جلد نرم و ملائم بھی ہوجائے گی اور ہونٹ موائسچرائز بھی رہیں گے۔
٭ ایک چمچ گلیسرین میں آدھا چمچ چُقندر کا رس مکس کرلیں اور ہونٹوں پر لگائیں اس سے پھٹے ہوئے ہونٹ جلد از جلد ٹھیک ہوجائیں گے اور خون بھی نہیں نکلے گا۔
٭ اگر آپ کو ہونٹوں پر سوزش و جلن کی شکایت رہتی ہے تو ایک چمچ گلیسرین میں ویزلین مکس کرکے ہونٹوں پر لگائیں۔ اس سے جلن یا سوزش کا مسئلہ بھی حل ہوجائے گا اور ہونٹ پنک بھی ہوجائیں گے۔
٭ اگر آپ چاہتی ہیں کہ لپ سٹک بھی نہ لگائیں اور ہونٹ بھی پنک ہوجائیں تو ایک چمچ گلیسرین میں زردے کا رنگ اور ایک چمچ دودھ کی بالائی مکس کرکے روزانہ صبح ہونٹوں پر لگائیں یا دن میں کسی بھی وقت 20 منٹ کے لئے لگا کر چھوڑ دیں اس سے آپ کو جلد رزلٹ مل جائیں گے۔

Best Skills To Include On A Resume – What Are The Best Skills To Put On A Resume

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Best Skills To Include On A Resume – What Are The Best Skills To Put On A Resume

There are a lot of skills that can be included in any resume, and you have to figure out which will be the most compelling ones. Because the skill section in the resume represents the recruiter the scope of knowledge you have for a particular job role.  So, below we have listed out the skills which are necessary to include in a resume and how to include them effectively.

What skills set to incorporate in a resume?

Employers look to hire candidates who have the right mix of two different types of skills: Soft skills and hard skills. Some of them are:

  • Hard Skills: Hard skills are technical knowledge that you have gained through any life experience, including in your career or education.
  • Soft Skills: Soft skills are peculiar habits and traits that shape how you work on your own and with others.

Hard Skills

  • Network Security
  • Data Mining
  • Mobile Development
  • Ul/UX Design
  • Programming Languages (such as Python, Java, Js, Ruby, Swift)
  • SEO/SEM Marketing
  • Database Management
  • Adobe Software Suite
  • Cloud Computing
  • Business Analytics Data Science

Soft Skills

  • Teamwork
  • Problem-solving
  • Empathy
  • Creativity
  • Integrity
  • Adaptability etc.
  • Communication
  • Adaptability
  • Problem-Solving
  • Work Ethic
  • Time Management

There are a lot of soft & hard skills that you can include in your resume, so to help you out in identifying which are those skills that you can list on your resume. Here are the details:

1. Communication Skills:

Communication skills are the strength you use when giving and receiving different kinds of information. If we talk about communication skills, it involves observing, speaking, listening, public speaking, written communication and empathizing, etc. Having strong communication skills is essential to growing in every industry.

2. Leadership skills:

Leadership skills are the skills that are required for a candidate to organize other people to reach a shared goal. Whether you’re leading a project or in a management position, leadership skills require you to motivate others to complete tasks according to the scheduled time. The skills involved in it are risk-taking, team building, flexibility, etc.

3. Problem-solving skills:

Problem-solving skills are qualities that help you to identify the source of a problem and quickly find an effective solution. The skill is highly admired in any role in every industry. Solving problems in your role might require job-specific technical skills. Some of the skills involved in it are collaboration, research, patience, communication, etc.

4. Time Management Skills:

Time management skills grant you to complete projects and tasks before deadlines while also maintaining a work-life balance. A deeper understanding of your team, individual, and company goals can provide a starting point when deciding how to manage things accordingly. Some of the related tasks are focus, goal setting, organization, delegating tasks, etc.

5. Interpersonal Skills:

Interpersonal skills are the skills that you rely on when you interact and communicate with others. It covers a variety of master plans where cooperation is essential and developing interpersonal skills is necessary to work efficiently with others, solve problems and lead teams. Some of the skills involved in it are flexibility, leadership, patience, etc.

6. Active listening skills:

Active listening is the ability to spotlight ultimately on the speaker, understand their message, comprehend the information and respond politely. Active listeners use non-verbal and verbal approaches to show and keep their attention on the speaker. Evolve and using active listening skills can show your team-workers that you are engaged and have an interest in the project. Some of the skills related to it are Punctuality, organization, note-taking, etc.

7. Transferable Skills:

Transferable skills are the qualities that are useful to any employer as you switch your careers. Generally soft skills, these might include things like organization, teamwork, flexibility, or other qualities employer seek in strong candidates. Some of the related skills are teamwork, creativity, ambition, empathy, etc.

8. Teamwork:

Most jobs will sometimes need you to work with other people in some position, and employers want to be familiar with that you can do well in team surroundings. Some jobs will award this skill more than others.

9. Creativity:

Thinking exterior of the box and coming up with imaginative solutions can be a genuine asset in any role. Perhaps you’re superior at thinking about something in a method that hasn’t been done previous to Creativity can be exposed on your resume through a difficulty you solved or through a creative skill like writing or design.

10. Attention to detail:

On the job, you need to ensure you pursue all instructions in order to total your work. This can be particularly significant when you work with others. Paying attention to detail will be desirable in any role you have. Think times when you wedged a potential mistake due to your attention to detail.

11. Responsibility:

Part of being a superior employee is taking responsibility for your duties and even owning up to mistakes. Most managers don’t desire to have to ensure in on their employees to make sure every part of their job is getting done. Responsibility means doing what you require to do to absolute your tasks.

12. Computer Skills:

Computer skills associate the capability to learn and operate various technologies. Hardware skills allow you to operate a computer and can be as simple as knowing how to turn devices on and off. In contrast, software skills help you to use computer programs and applications efficiently. There are some software skills that employers consider as an essential part of employment like knowing the precise coding language or using spreadsheets, etc.

13. Customer service skills:

Customer service skills are attributed, and practices that help you address customer needs to create a positive experience. The skills involved in it rely on problem-solving, interpersonal skills, active listening, reliability, etc.

14. Data Analysis:

Big Data is in trend right now, and there are a lot of jobs out there where you will be called ahead to examine metrics and extrapolate a sensible use from it, making it a tremendously precious skill to put on your resume.

15. Project Management:

Many jobs will need project management skills. The aptitude for managing your task flow and absolute assignments on time is a division of project management. Possibly you have used project management software in the earlier period or have completed a project early these all show superior project management.

16. Marketing:

Marketing engages in selling and promoting products and services. Even if you’re not a dealer per se, many companies may wish for this hard skill. Knowing the stresses and advantages of your company’s products and services and talking or writing about them can be priceless to many diverse jobs.

Causes of Dark Spot and Home Remedies

Causes of Dark Spot and Home Remedies

Causes of Dark Spot and Home Remedies Shadows or dark spots on the face are caused by excess melanin. This is usually when the skin is damaged. Melanin is a substance that is responsible for skin color. The discoloration of the skin can be due to an upper injury or an internal defect. The part of the skin where the amount of melanin is high starts to turn black

Reasons
There are several possible causes for dark spots on the skin:
* When the sun’s rays fall on the skin, the skin begins to make extra melanin, which causes the skin to change color. The skin does this to protect itself from ultraviolet rays.
* Hormonal changes in the body can also cause shadows on the face. Skin pigmentation may increase, especially during pregnancy.
* With age, dark spots appear on the skin, which is due to the fact that the process of replacing the old skin with new skin is slow.
* Liver damage can affect skin color. If the liver is damaged, toxins cannot be excreted from the skin cells.
* Nail pimples also leave scars on the skin due to lack of proper care.
* In skin cancer, the texture, and color of the skin change. Prolonged exposure to the sun’s rays or a chemical causes cells to overgrow, which can eventually lead to cancer.

Treatment
* If shadows or dark spots start appearing on the skin, the first thing to do is to see a doctor and find out the real cause. If all goes well internally, there is a way to get rid of it.
* Laser therapy can treat these spots. This therapy turns the dark part of the skin white.
* Physicians also recommend various creams to be applied on the skin, one of which is the essential cream, which is used for three to four weeks to remove dark spots forever.

Causes of Dark Spot and Home Remedies
In addition to medical treatment, home remedies can also be used to get rid of dark spots:
* Vitamin A and E creams: Uniform skin tone and improve overall skin health.
* Castor oil: Apply castor oil twice a day on the affected part of the skin, it will stop the excess growth of melanin and will soften the skin.
* Vitamin C: Foods that contain vitamin C such as strawberries, oranges, etc. prevent the formation of excess melanin.
* Aloe vera: Use twice a day to brighten the skin tone.
* Sandalwood: Mix sandalwood powder with glycerin and rose water to make a paste. This mask is useful for removing dark spots.
* Honey: Mix honey in sugar and scrub your face with it. This will remove the dead skin from the skin that causes the discoloration.

چھائیوں کی وجوہات اورگھریلو ٹوٹکوں سے علاج

چھائیاں یا سیاہ دھبے چہرے پر میلانین کی زیادتی کی وجہ سے ہوتے ہیں ۔ یہ عموماً تب ہوتا ہے جب جلد کو کوئی نقصان پہنچتا ہے ۔ میلانین وہ مادہ ہے جو جلد کی رنگت کا ذمہ دار ہوتا ہے ۔ جلد کی رنگت کا تبدیل ہونا کسی اوپری چوٹ کی وجہ سے بھی ہوسکتا ہے یا اندرونی خرابی کے باعث بھی۔ جلد کے جس حصے پر میلانین کی تعداد زیادہ ہوجاتی ہے اس حصے کا رنگ سیاہ پڑنے لگتا ہے

وجوہات

جلد پر سیاہ دھبوں کی کئی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں :
*سورج کی شعائیں جلد پر پڑنے سے جلد اضافی میلانین بنانے لگتی ہے جس سے جلد کا رنگ تبدیل ہونے لگتا ہے ۔ جلد ایسا خود کو الٹرا وائلٹ شعاؤں سے بچانے کے لیے کرتی ہے ۔
*جسم میں ہارمونل تبدیلیوں کے باعث بھی چہرے پر چھائیاں پڑ سکتے ہیں ۔ خصوصاً دوران حمل جلد کی پگمنٹیشن میں اضافہ ہو سکتا ہے ۔
*عمر بڑھنے کے ساتھ ساتھ جلد پر سیاہ دھبے پڑنے لگتے ہیں جس کی وجہ یہ ہوتی ہے کہ پرانی جلد کی جگہ نئی جلد آنے کا عمل سست ہو جاتا ہے ۔
*جگر کی خرابی سے جلد کی رنگت متاثر ہو سکتی ہے ۔ جگر میں اگر خرابی پیدا ہو جائے تو جلد کے سیلز سے ٹاکسنز خارج نہیں ہو پاتے ۔
*کیل مہاسے بھی مناسب دیکھ بھال نہ ملنے سے جلد پر نشانات چھوڑ جاتے ہیں ۔
*جلد کے کینسر میں جلد کی ساخت اور رنگت تبدیل ہوجاتی ہے ۔ سورج کی شعاؤں سے ایک طویل عرصے تک نقصان پہنچنے یا کسی کیمیکل کی وجہ سے سیلز ضرورت سے زیادہ بڑھنے لگتے ہیں جو آخر میں کینسر کی شکل اختیار کرلیتے ہیں ۔

علاج

*جلد پر چھائیاں یا سیاہ دھبے رونما ہونے لگیں تو سب سے پہلے تو ڈاکٹر کو دکھا کر اس کی اصل وجہ کا پتا لگایا جاتا ہے۔ اگر اندرونی طور پر سب ٹھیک ہو تو اس سے نجات پانے کا طریقہ معلوم کیا جاتا ہے ۔
*لیزر تھیراپی سے ان دھبوں کا علاج ممکن ہے ۔ اس تھیراپی سے جلد کا سیاہ حصہ گورا ہو جاتا ہے ۔
*معالج جلد پر لگانے کے لیے مختلف کریمیں بھی تجویز کرتے ہیں جن میں سے ایک لازما کریم ہے جن کا تین سے چار ہفتوں تک استعمال سیاہ دھبوں کو ہمیشہ کے لیے مٹا دیتا ہے ۔

گھریلو ٹوٹکے

طبی علاج کے علاوہ گھریلو ٹوٹکوں سے بھی سیاہ دھبوں سے نجات پائی جا سکتی ہے :
*وٹامن اے اور ای کریمیں: جلد کی رنگت کو یکساں بناتی ہیں اور جلد کی مجموعی صحت بھی بہتر بناتی ہیں ۔
*کسٹر آئل : جلد کے متاثرہ حصے پر کسٹر آئل دن میں دو بار لگائیں اس سے میلانین کی اضافی نشونما رک جائے گی اور جلد ملائم ہو گی ۔
*وٹامن سی: ایسی غذائیں جن میں وٹامن سی ہوتا ہے جیسے کہ اسٹرا بیری ، نارنجی وغیرہ اضافی میلانین کو بننے سے روکتے ہیں ۔
*ایلوویرا: دن میں دو بار استعمال جلد کی رنگت کو نکھارتا ہے ۔
*صندل: صندل پاؤڈر میں گلسرین اور عرق گلاب ملا کر پیسٹ بنالیں ۔ سیاہ دھبے دور کرنے کے لیے یہ ماسک مفید ہے ۔
*شہد: چینی میں شہد ملا لیں اور اس سے چہرے کی اسکربنگ کریں ۔ اس سے جلد پر سے وہ مردہ جلد نکل جائے گی جو دسیاہ رنگت کا سبب بنتی ہیں ۔

Simple Home Remedies For Glowing Skin

Simple Home Remedies For Glowing Skin

Simple Home Remedies For Glowing Skin We all use rice flour in cooking and its bread is also very delicious but there are many benefits of this rice flour that women must know about so that a little bit of rice flour is theirs. Be helpful in enhancing beauty.

Why is rice flour beneficial for the skin?
It contains starch, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins A, D, and calcium which when applied to the skin not only clears the complexion but also controls many problems.

Fee packs:
Learn From Today’s Foods A Few Rice Flour Packs That Easily Solve Your 5 Skin Problems:

Dry skin:
If your skin is dry, you can mix two tablespoons of rice flour with egg yolk and apply it on the face and skin to control dry skin.

Oily skin:
Women with oily skin also have a big problem that the make-up does not stay on their skin, the rash comes out. For this, you can mix two spoons of rice flour with one spoon of turmeric and one spoon of lemon juice and prepare a paste on the face. This will control the oil in the skin.

Acne and Acne:
If you are bothered by acne and grain problems, mix one tablespoon of rice flour with two tablespoons of clove water and apply it to the skin.

Face wash:
To make a face wash of rice flour, you need a cup of water, two tablespoons of white vinegar, and three tablespoons of rice flour. Mix all these ingredients well and apply it to the face and massage and wash it. This is a very cheap and effective face wash.

Suntan:
If your complexion has deteriorated and your skin has been burnt by the sun, then mix one tablespoon of rice flour with two tablespoons of berries and apply it on your face, it will soon be more beneficial and the skin will become radiant.

کھانا بنانے میں تو ہم سب ہی چاول کے آٹے کا استعمال کرتے ہیں اور اس کی روٹی بھی بہت مزیدار بنتی ہے مگر اسی چاول کے آٹے کے کئی فوائد بھی ہیں جن کے بارے میں خواتین کو لازمی جاننا چاہیئے تاکہ ذرا سا چاول کا آٹا ان کی خوبصورتی کو بڑھانے میں مددگار ثابت ہوسکے۔

چاول کا آٹا جلد کے لئے فائدہ مند کیوں ہے؟

اس میں اسٹارچ، پروٹین، کاربوہائیڈریٹ، وٹامن اے، ڈٰی اور کیلشیئم پایا جاتا ہے جوکہ جلد پر لگانے سے نہ صرف رنگ صاف ہو جاتا ہے بلکہ کئی مسائل بھی کنٹرول ہو جاتے ہیں۔

فیس پیکس

آج کے-فوڈز سے جانیئے چاول کے آٹے کے چند فیس پیکس جو کریں آپ کی جلد کے 5 مسائل آسانی سے حل:

 خُشک جلد

اگر آپ کی جلد خُشک ہے تو اس کے لئے آپ دو چمچ چاول کے آٹے کو انڈے کی زردی میں مکس کرکے چہرے اور جلد پر لگانے سے جلد کی خُشکی کنٹرول ہو جاتی ہے۔

 چکنی جلد

چکنی جلد والی خواتین کو یہ بھی بڑا مسئلہ ہوتا ہے کہ ان کی جلد پر میک اپ نہیں ٹہرتا، دانے نکل آتے ہیں اس کے لئے آپ دو چمچ چاول کے آٹے میں ایک چمچ ہلدی اور ایک چمچ لیموں کا رس ملا کر چہرے پر پیسٹ تیار کرکے لگائیں اس سے جلد کا آئل کنٹرول ہو جائے گا۔

 دانے اور ایکنی

اگر ایکنی اور دانوں کے مسائل سے پریشان ہیں تو ایک چمچ چاول کے آٹے میں دو چمچ لونگ کا پانی مکس کریں اور جلد پر لگالیں اس سے جلد صاف ہو جائے گی اور ایکنی بھی کنٹرول ہو جائے گی۔

 فیس واش

چاول کے آٹے کا فیس واش بنانے کے لئے آپ کو چاہیئے ایک کپ پانی، دو چمچ سفید سرکہ اور تین چمچ چاول کا آٹا ان تمام اجزاء کو اچھی طرح مکس کیں اور چہرے پر لگا کر مساج کرکے دھولیں اس سے جلد صاف بھی ہو جائے گی یہ بہت سستا اور کارآمد فیس واش ہے۔

 سن ٹین

اگر آپ کی رنگت خراب ہوگئی ہے اور جلد دھوپ کی وجہ سے جل گئی ہے تو ایک چمچ چاول کے آٹے میں دو چمچ جامن کا جس مکس کرکے چہرے پر لگانے سے جلدی ہی آپ کو زیادہ فائدہ ہوگا اور جلد چمکدار ہوجائے گی۔

Bawaseer Ka Ilaj

 

Bawaseer Ka Ilaj

Bawaseer Ka Ilaj Hemorrhoids are caused by inflammation of the veins at the entrance to the colon. Pain, inflammation, and bleeding are common symptoms. Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and outside the intestine.
Hemorrhoids are a common complaint that goes away on their own in a few weeks. The pain can be more or less severe. Home remedies can significantly reduce her discomfort.

Elo Vera:
Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce inflammation. Pure gel extracted from aloe vera leaves should be used for hemorrhoids. Some people are also allergic to aloe vera, especially those who are allergic to garlic and onions. People should first try it on their hands to see if they have any allergies and then it can be used for hemorrhoids.

Hot water :
Put hot water in the bathtub and mix Epsom salt in it if you want. After defecation, sitting in hot water for 20 minutes gives a lot of relief, and mixing Epsom salt in it will also reduce the pain.

Ointment:
Ointments used for hemorrhoids are found in general stores and provide immediate relief from pain. Some of them reduce the swelling and eliminate hemorrhoids quickly.
Do not use hydrocortisone cream for more than a week.

Wipes:
The use of toilet paper after defecation can increase the incidence of hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is better to use wipes instead. This way, it will be easier to clean without any inconvenience. Don’t be shy and fragrant as they can increase the risk of hemorrhoids.

Snow Sky:
Squeeze with ice for 15 minutes to remove the swelling. This is a very effective treatment for very large hemorrhoids. Always wrap ice in a cloth and do not apply ice directly on the skin.

Eliminate constipation:
Eat foods that make bowel movements open and easy. For this, eat fiber-rich foods, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid foods that increase constipation.

Wear loose cotton clothes:
Instead of wearing loose and silky clothes, wear loose cotton clothes, especially cotton underwear. This will keep the skin clean and dry and the disease will heal quickly. Do not use scented detergents or fabric softeners on clothes as it will increase inflammation.

Prevention of Hemorrhoids:
Lifestyle and dietary changes are the best way to prevent hemorrhoids. Staying physically active and eating a healthy diet will lead to daily bowel movements.
Eat more fiber, especially fruits and vegetables. Drink more water to speed up your digestive system and prevent constipation.
Avoiding sitting for long periods of time and exercising daily will help prevent hemorrhoids.
The most effective way to avoid hemorrhoids is to go to the washroom immediately whenever you need to go.
If these methods do not provide relief, consult a doctor.

بواسیر کی تکلیف بڑی آنت کے دہانے پر نسوں کی سوجن کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔درد،سوزش اور خون آنا اس کی عام علامات ہیں ۔ بواسیر کی تکلیف آنت کے اندر اور باہر دونوں جگہ ہو سکتی ہے۔
بواسیر کی شکایت عام ہے جو چند ہفتوں میں خود ہی ختم ہو جاتی ہے۔یہ تکلیف کم یابہت زیادہ بھی ہوسکتی ہے ۔ گھریلو ٹوٹکوں سے اس کی تکلیف کو کافی حد تک کم کیا جاسکتا ہے۔

ایلو ویرا

ایلو ویرا میں اینٹی انفلیمیٹری خصوصیات موجود ہیں جو سوزش کو کم کرتی ہیں ۔بواسیر کے لئے ایلو ویرا کے پتے سے نکالا گیاخالص جیل استعمال کرنا چاہئے۔کچھ لوگوں کوایلوویرا سے الرجی بھی ہوتی ہے خاص طور پر جنھیں لہسن اور پیاز سے الرجی ہو ۔ایسے لوگوں کو پہلے اسے ہاتھ پرلگا کر دیکھنا چاہئے کہ اس سے کسی قسم کی الرجی تو نہیں اس کے بعد اسے بواسیر کے لئے استعمال کیا جاسکتا ہے۔

گرم پانی

باتھ ٹب میں گرم پانی ڈال کر بیٹھیں اس میں چاہے تو ایپسم سالٹ بھی ملا لیں۔رفع حاجت کے بعد 20منٹ کے لئے گرم پانی میں بیٹھنے سے کافی سکون حاصل ہوتا ہے اور اس میں ایپسم سالٹ ملانے سے درد میں بھی کمی آئے گی۔

مرہم

بواسیر کے لئے استعمال ہونے والے مرہم عام اسٹورز پر مل جاتے ہیں اور درد میں فوری آرام پہنچاتے ہیں۔ان میں سے کچھ سوجن کو کم کرکے بواسیر کو تیزی سے ختم کرتے ہیں ۔
ہائڈرو کارٹیزون والی کریم کو ایک ہفتے سے زیادہ استعمال نہ کریں ۔

وائپس

رفع حاجت کے بعد ٹوائلٹ پیپر کا استعمال بواسیر کی تکلیف کو بڑھا سکتا ہے۔اس لئے بہتر ہوگا کہ اس کی جگہ وائپس کا استعمال کیا جائے ۔اس طرح بغیر تکلیف کے آسانی کے ساتھ صفائی ہوگی۔اس بات کا خیال رکھیں کہ یہ وائپس الکوحل والے اور خوشبو دارنہ ہوں کیونکہ ان سے بواسیر کی تکلیف میں اضافہ ہو سکتا ہے۔

برف کی سکائی

سوجن کو ختم کرنے کیلئے 15 منٹ تک برف سے سکائی کریں۔بہت زیادہ بڑھی ہوئی بواسیر کے لئے یہ بہت کارآمد علاج ہے۔برف کو ہمیشہ کپڑے میں لپیٹ کر سکائی کریں اور برف کو براہ راست جلد پر نہ لگائیں ۔

قبض کو ختم کریں 

ایسی غذا کھائیںجس سے پاخانہ کھل کر اور آسانی کے ساتھ ہو ۔اس کے لئے فائبر والی غذائیں ،پھل اور سبزیاں کھائیں ۔ایسی غذائیں کھانے سے گریز کریں جو قبض کو بڑھاتی ہیں ۔

کاٹن کے ڈھیلے کپڑے پہنیں

چست اورریشمی کپڑے پہننے کے بجائے ڈھیلے کاٹن کے کپڑے خاص کر کاٹن کا انڈر ویئر پہنیں ۔ اس سے جلد صاف اور خشک رہے گی اور مرض جلدی ٹھیک ہوگا ۔کپڑوں پر خوشبو والے ڈٹرجنٹ یا فیبرک سوفٹنر استعمال نہ کریں کیونکہ اس سے سوزش میں اضافہ ہوگا ۔

بواسیر سے بچائو

طرز زندگی اور غذامیں تبدیلی بواسیر سے بچائو کا بہترین طریقہ ہے۔جسمانی طور پر ایکٹو رہنے اور صحت بخش غذا کھانے سے روزانہ پاخانہ ہوگا ۔
زیادہ فائبر کھائیں خاص طور پر پھل اور سبزیوں کا استعمال کریں۔زیادہ پانی پیئیں تاکہ آپ کا نظام ہضم تیز ہو اورقبض سے بچت رہے ۔
بہت دیرتک بیٹھنے سے گریزکرنے اور روزانہ ورزش کرنے سے بواسیر سے بچت رہے گی۔
بواسیر سے بچنے کا سب سے کارآمد طریقہ یہ ہے کہ آپ کو جب بھی واش روم جانے کی ضرورت ہو تو فوراََ جائیں۔زیادہ دیر روکنے سے آنتیں پاخانے کا پانی جذب کر کے اسے سخت بنادیتی ہیں اس طرح پاخانہ کرتے ہوئے تکلیف ہوتی ہے۔
اگر ان طریقوں سے آرام نہ ملے تو ڈاکٹر سے رجوع کریں۔

How to Get Straight Hair at Home – Balon Straight Karne Ka Tarika

How to Get Straight Hair at Home – Balon Straight Karne Ka Tarika

How to Get Straight Hair at Home – Balon Straight Karne Ka Tarika Hair straightening is now easier because Dr. Bilquis has suggested the easiest homemade method to straighten the hair in just 15 minutes.
To make hair look long and beautiful, women undergo a variety of treatments to straighten their hair, resort to rebonding and apply egg masks, yogurt, and mayonnaise hair masks using some homemade tips. Some women think that if they just put the egg white in their hair and then comb it straight, their hair will be straight and will look long.
But their hair is neither straight nor alive with household items and then these people get expensive salon treatments, but now that Eid is also approaching, sir, avoid spending money because Dr. Bilqis has done such an excellent and wonderful Home Remedy for Hair Straightening which is also tried and tested and gives results in 15 minutes. So don’t delay, learn the magic tip of hair straightening and straightening from foods.

Tips:
* Put four tablespoons of linseed in a pot, add 4 tablespoons of sago seeds and add a cup of water and cook on high heat for 20 minutes, after which a thick gel-like solution will be formed. Now let it cool down.
* Comb the hair and apply this gel in the hair and then leave for 15 minutes. You will see that the hair will straighten.

Caution:
* Women with thick and stiff hair may take longer, so try to wash your head after 15 minutes and repeat this process after 1 hour.

بال سیدھے کرنا اب ہوگیا ہے آسان کیونکہ ڈاکٹر بلقیس نے بتا دیا ہے سب سے آسان گھریلو طریقہ جو صرف 15 منٹ میں بالوں کو سیدھا کردے
بال لمبے اور اچھے خوبصورت نظر آئیں، اس کے لئے خواتین اپنے بالوں کو سیدھا کروانے کے لئے کئی قسم کے ٹریٹمنٹس کرواتی ہیں، کوئی ریبانڈنگ کا سہارا لیتی ہیں تو کچھ گھریلو ٹپس استعمال کرتے ہوئے انڈہ، دہی اور مایونیز کے ہیئر ماسک لگاتی ہیں۔ کچھ خواتین سمجھتی ہیں کہ اگر وہ صرف انڈے کی سفیدی بالوں میں لگائیں گی اور پھر بالوں کو سیدھا کنگھا کریں گی تو ان کے بال سیدھے بھی ہوں گے اور لمبے بھی دکھائی دیں گے۔
لیکن ان کے بال گھریلو چیزوں سے نہ تو سیدھے ہوتے ہیں اور نہ ہی جاندار اور پھر یہ لوگ سیلون کے مہنگے ٹریٹمنٹ کرواتی ہیں، لیکن اب چونکہ عید بھی قریب ہے تو جناب پیسے خرچ کرنے سے بچ جائیں کیونکہ ڈاکٹر بلقیس نے ایسی بہترین اور شاندار گھریلو ٹپ بتائی بالوں کو سیدھا کرنے کی جو آزمودہ بھی ہے اور 15 منٹ میں رزلٹ بھی دیتی ہے۔ اس لئے اب دیر نہ کریں کے فوڈز سے جانیئے بالوں کی خوبصورتی کو نکھارنے اور سیدھا کرنے کی میجک ٹپ۔

ٹپس

٭ چار چمچ السی کے بیجوں کو ایک پتیلی میں ڈالیں، ساتھ ہی اس میں 4 چمچ ساگو دانہ شامل کیجیئے اور ایک کپ پانی ڈال کر 20 منٹ تک تیز آنچ پر پکائیں ، جس کے بعد ایک گاڑھا جیل نما محلول تیار ہو جائے گا۔ اب اس کو نیم ٹھنڈا کرلیں۔
٭ بالوں کو کنگھا کریں اور اس جیل کو بالوں میں لگائیے اور پھر 15 منٹ کے لئے چھوڑ دیں۔ آپ دیکھیں گی کہ بال سیدھے ہو جائیں گے۔

احتیاط

٭ جن خواتین کے بال موٹے اور سخت ہیں ان کو زیادہ وقت لگ سکتا ہے، اس لئے وہ کوشش کریں کہ 15 منٹ کے بعد سر دھو لیں اور 1 گھنٹے بعد یہ عمل دوبارہ کرلیں۔

Healthy Foods That Are High in Iron

Healthy Foods That Are High In Iron

Healthy Foods That Are High in Iron Do you feel tired and exhausted? Learn a few foods rich in iron to boost energy

Iron helps treat anemia, boosts the immune system, and boosts energy levels, so use some iron-rich foods in this rainy season and get plenty of energy.
In this monsoon season, cold winds and raindrops are falling and torrential rains are continuing. The weather is so beautiful but this season you are feeling drowsy. It feels like you are very tired and your body. If you feel tired, try some of the iron-rich foods we mentioned this season so you can enjoy the weather too.

Eating foods rich in iron
Green vegetables
Green leafy vegetables are a great source of iron, and spinach, beans, and other green leafy vegetables can give you plenty of the iron you need to stay active.

Dried fruits
Dried fruits are nutritious and rich in iron. If you use nuts, apricots, almonds, walnuts, raisins, and dates these days, it will give you plenty of energy.

Lentils
Whenever lentils are made at home, do not delay eating them. Pulses provide you with nutritious food and they also contain an ample amount of iron which makes it easy to get energy and it boosts your immune system. In addition, if you use red and white beans, it will also be extremely beneficial.

Seeds
In this season, keep pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and linseed seeds in any jar and eat two to three times a day when you have time, they are full of iron and other essential nutrients that give you energy. Useful to

Fish
Summer is definitely hot but not so hot as the monsoon is in full swing so if you use to fish it will not be harmful because fish is rich in iron and its use gives you amazing benefits. These include increasing immunity and increasing energy.

Healthy Foods That Are High in Iron

کیا آپ خود کو تھکا ہوا اور نڈھال محسوس کر رہے ہیں؟ جانیئے توانائی کو فروغ دینے کے لئے آئرن سے بھرپور چند غذائیں

آئرن انیمیا کے علاج میں مدد کرتا ہے، قوت مدافعت میں اضافہ کرتا ہے اور توانائی کی سطح کو بلند کرتا ہے، لہذا اس برسات کے موسم میں کچھ آئرن سے بھرپور غذائیں استعمال کریں اور پائیں بھرپور توانائی۔
مون سون کے اس سیزن میں کہیں ٹھنڈی ہوائیں اور بوندیں برس رہی ہیں تو کہیں موسلادھار بارشوں کا سلسلہ جاری ہے، موسم اس قدر خوبصورت ہے لیکن اس موسم میں آپ پر سستی طاری ہے ایسا محسوس ہو رہا ہے جیسے آپ بہت تھک گئے ہیں اور جسم ایک دم نڈھال لگ رہا ہے تو کریں اس موسم میں ہماری بتائی ہوئی چند آئرن سے بھرپور غذاؤں کا استعمال تاکہ آپ بھی موسم کا لُطف اُٹھا سکیں۔

آئرن سے بھرپور غذاؤں کا استعمال

ہری سبزیاں

ہری سبزیاں بھرپور مقدار میں آئرن حاصل کرنے کا بہترین زریعہ ہیں، پالک، پھلیاں، اور دیگر ہری سبزیوں کا استعمال آپ کو آئرن کی وافر مقدار دے سکتا ہے جس کی آپ کے جسم کو متحرک رہنے کے لئے ضرورت ہے۔

خشک میوہ جات

خشک میوہ جات غذائیت سے بھرپور اور آئرن سے مالا مال ہوتے ہیں، اگر آپ گری دار میوے، خوبانی، بادام، اخروٹ، کشمش اور کھجور وغیرہ کا ان دِنوں استعمال کریں تو اس سے آپ کو بھرپور توانائی حاصل ہوگی۔

دالیں

جب کبھی گھر میں دال بنیں تو اسے کھانے میں بلکل دیر نہ کریں، دالیں آپ کو بھرپور غذائیت فراہم کرتی ہیں اور ان میں آئرن کی بھی وافر مقدار موجود ہوتی ہے جس سے توانائی کا حصول با آسانی ممکن ہے اور یہ آپ کی قوتِ مدافعت کو بڑھاتی ہیں، اس کے علاوہ آپ لال اور سفید لوبیا کا استعمال کریں تو وہ بھی بے حد فائدے مند ہوگا۔

بیج

اس موسم میں کدو کے بیج، سورج مکھی کے بیج اور السی کے بیج کسی بھی جار میں بھر کر رکھیں اور جب وقت ملے دن میں دو سے تین مرتبہ کھائیں، یہ آئرن اور دیگر ضروری غذائی اجزاء سے بھرپور ہوتے ہیں جو آپ کو توانائی فراہم کرنے کے لئے مفید ہیں۔

مچھلی

موسمِ گرما ضرور ہے مگر اتنی گرمی نہیں کیونکہ مون سون کا سلسلہ چل رہا ہے اس لئے اگر مچھلی کا استعمال کیا جائے تو نقصان دہ نہیں ہوگا، کیونکہ مچھلی میں بھرپور آئرن موجود ہوتا ہے اور اس کے استعمال سے آپ کو حیرت انگیز فوائد حاصل ہوتے ہیں جن میں قوتِ مدافعت میں اضافہ اور توانائی میں اضافہ شامل ہیں۔

Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems

Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems

Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems There is a constant movement between man and disease and it is an essential part of human life. So it is also important to know about this essential part. If you suffer from a serious disease, is it possible to diagnose it without going to the doctor? Yes, it is possible. In fact, there are some obvious signs of disease. There are early symptoms, you just need to know which symptom is indicating which disease.

Rapid weight loss

If you suddenly lose four to five kilograms without dieting or exercising, it is a cause for concern and you should get a medical examination. According to the American Cancer Society, this is most common in people with pancreatic, gastrointestinal, or lung cancer.

Yellowing of urine

Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems You should always pay attention to the color of your urine as it is the best way to inform about our general health. If you have an adequate amount of water in your body, its color is almost transparent, however, if its If the color is more yellow or yellow, it may be a sign that there is a problem in the kidneys, and the waste collected there is not being processed properly.

Sleep deprivation

If you have trouble sleeping and you are suffering from insomnia, it can also be a sign of stress on the body and mind. When we sleep, our body raises the rate of the stress hormone cortisol. Reduces, but does not happen when we are stressed and causes insomnia, this makes the body unable to repair itself and increases the risk of other diseases.

Always feeling tired

If you’re feeling tired all day despite getting enough sleep, it could also be a sign of a problem with your thyroid gland. A breakdown in this sebaceous gland, which controls the rate of metabolism, means that your body is using all the energy at the same time without any need, this problem can cause your body to collapse because it makes it difficult to do normal work.

Frequent urination

Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems When type 2 diabetes develops, it becomes difficult for the body to digest food, which is used as a fuel for energy, resulting in sugar accumulating in the bloodstream, where it quietly bleeds. Severe damage to the arteries and nerves. According to a study, the body impatiently tries to get rid of this accumulation of glucose by urinating and the bathroom becomes very dizzy, getting up from bed several times at night (frequent urination). Have to go and more urine can make you feel more thirsty. In this case, ask your doctor for a blood test to find out your blood glucose level. The sooner diabetes is diagnosed, the easier it is to make lifestyle changes, while the goal is to exercise and lose weight.

Persistent cough

Coughing is a common illness and is usually not a sign of cancer, but if your cough does not go away and persists and you do not have any allergies, asthma, or respiratory problems, it is a cause for concern. Persistent coughing can be caused by lung cancer, tuberculosis, or throat cancer.

Chapped lips

Lip cracking is also caused by the weather, but the cracking of the corners of the lips actually indicates that your body is deficient in vitamin B12, a deficiency of this vitamin can also lead to various medical problems such as anemia. Maybe, by knowing about this vitamin deficiency early, you can save yourself from other problems.

Feeling too cold

If you feel a little too cold, it may be an indication that you need to boost your immune system or that the system is having problems. This symptom can be a sign of vitamin C deficiency or a virus attack that you are not aware of, in which case a blood test can save you from problems ahead of time and try to improve your health. Can be done.

Increased snoring

Snoring is a very common habit but did you know that it is also a sign of heart disease. According to a study, people who snore have an increased risk of arterial disease due to the thickening of the arteries in the neck, which leads to stroke and heart attack. In fact, snoring causes more damage to the cervical artery than smoking, high cholesterol, or obesity. This is because they damage the arteries, which supply blood to the brain.

وہ علامات جو سنگین امراض کی نشاندہی کرتے ہیں

انسان اور بیماری کے درمیان آنکھ مچولی چلتی رہتی ہے اور یہ بشری زندگی کا لازمی حصہ ہے۔ تو اس لازمی حصے کے بارے میں جاننا بھی ضروری ہےتو اگر آپ کسی سنگین مرض کا شکار ہوجائیں تو کیا ڈاکٹر کے پاس جائے بغیر اس کا اندازہ لگانا ممکن ہے؟جی ہاں ایسا ممکن تو ہے درحقیقت کچھ واضح آثار سامنے آجاتے ہیں جو کسی بیماری کے ابتدائی علامات ہوتے ہیں، بس آپ کو یہ معلوم ہونا چاہئے کہ کونسی علامت کس مرض کا اشارہ دے رہی ہوتی ہے۔

وزن میں تیزی سے کمی ہونا 

اگر ڈائٹنگ یا ورزش کے بغیر ہی جسمانی وزن میں چار سے پانچ کلو کی اچانک کمی ہوجائے تو یہ فکرمندی کا باعث ہے اور آپ کو اپنا طبی معائنہ کرانا چاہئے۔ امریکن کینسر سوسائنٹی کے مطابق ایسا اکثر لبلبے، معدے، گلے کی نالی یا پھیپھڑوں کے کینسر کے شکار افراد کے ساتھ ہوتا ہے۔

پیشاب کا زرد ہوجانا

آپ ہمیشہ اپنے پیشاب کی رنگت پر توجہ دیں کیونکہ یہ ہماری عام صحت کے بارے میں آگاہ کرنے کا سب سےبہترین ذریعہ ہوتا ہے، اگر آپ کے جسم میں پانی مناسب مقدار میں ہو تو اس کی رنگت لگ بھگ شفاف ہوتی ہے، تاہم اگر اس کی رنگت زیادہ زرد یا پیلی ہے تو یہ اس بات کی علامت ہوسکتی ہے کہ گردوں میں کوئی مسئلہ ہے اور وہاں جمع ہونے والا کچرا مناسب طریقے سے پراسیس نہیں ہورہا۔

نیند سے محروم رہنا

اگر آپ کی نیند مسائل کا شکار ہے اور آپ کو بے خوابی کی شکایت ہورہی ہے تو یہ جسم اور ذہن کے تناؤ کا شکار ہونے کی علامت بھی ہوسکتا ہے، جب ہم سوتے ہیں تو ہمارا جسم تناؤ کا سبب بننے والے ہارمون کورٹیسول کی شرح کو کم کردیتا ہے، مگر جب ہم تناؤ کا شکار ہوتے ہیں تو ایسا نہیں ہوتا اور بے خوابی کی شکایت پیدا ہواتی ہے، ایسا ہونے سے جسم اپنی مرمت خود کرنے سے قاصر ہوتا ہے اور دوسرےامراض کا خطرہ بڑھ جاتا ہے۔

ہمیشہ تھکن کا احساس رہنا

اگر آپ مناسب نیند لینے کے باوجود دن بھر خود کو تھکن کا شکار محسوس کررہے ہیں تو یہ آپ کے تھائی رائیڈ میں مسئلے کا اشارہ بھی ہوسکتاہے، میٹابولزم کی شرح کو کنٹرول کرنے والے اس بے نالی غدود میں خرابی کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ آپ کا جسم بغیر کسی ضرورت کے بھی تمام تر توانائی ایک ساتھ استعمال کررہا ہے، یہ مسئلہ آپ کے جسم کو گرانے کا سبب بن سکتا ہے کیونکہ اس کی وجہ سے معمول کا کام کرنے میں بھی مشکل درپیش ہوتی ہے۔

بار بار پیشاب آنا 

جب ذیابیطس ٹائپ ٹو کا مرض لاحق ہوتا ہے تو جسم کے لیے غذا کو گھلانا مشکل ہوجاتا ہے جسے توانائی کے لیے ایندھن کے طور پر استعمال کیا جاتا ہے، اس کے نتیجے میں چینی دوران خون میں جمع ہونے لگتی ہے، وہاں یہ خاموشی سے خون کی شریانوں اور اعصاب کو بہت زیادہ نقصان پہنچانے لگتی ہے۔ ایک تحقیق کے مطابق جسم بے تابی سے گلوکوز کے اس اجتماع کو ٹھکانہ لگانے کی کوشش پیشاب کے ذریعے بہا کر کرتا ہے اور باتھ روم کے چکر بہت زیادہ لگتے ہیں، رات کے وقت کئی کئی بار بستر(بار بار پیشاب آنا) سے اٹھ کر جانا پڑتا ہے اور زیادہ پیشاب کی وجہ سے پیاس بھی زیادہ لگ سکتی ہے۔ ایسی صورت میں ڈاکٹر کو خون کے ٹیسٹ کا کہیں تاکہ بلڈ گلوکوز کی سطح کے بارے میں جانا جاسکے۔ ذیابیطس کے مرض کی جتنی جلدی شناخت ہوجائے، اتنا ہی طرز زندگی میں تبدیلیاں لانا آسان ہوجاتا ہے، جبکہ ورزش اور جسمانی وزن میں کمی کو بھی مقصد بنانا ہوتا ہے۔

کھانسی کا مسلسل ہونا

کھانسی ایک عام مرض ہے اورعام طور پر کینسر کی علامت نہیں ہوتی، تاہم اگر آپ کی کھانسی کسی صورت غائب نہ ہورہی ہو اورتسلسل کے ساتھ جاری ہو اور آپ کو کسی قسم کی الرجی، دمہ یا سانس کا مسئلہ بھی لاحق نہیں تو یہ باعث فکر ہوتی ہے۔کھانسی کا مسلسل رہنا پھیپھڑوں کے کینسر کے باعث ہوسکتا ہے، تپ دق یا گلے کے کینسر کی علامت بھی ہوسکتا ہے۔

ہونٹوں کا پھٹنا

ہونٹوں کا پھٹنا موسم کی وجہ سے بھی ہوتا ہے، مگر ہونٹوں کا کونوں سے پھٹنا درحقیقت یہ ظاہر کرتا ہے کہ آپ کے جسم میں وٹامن B12 کی کمی ہے، اس وٹامن کی کمی متعدد طبی مسائل جیسے خون کی کمی کے امراض کا سبب بھی بن سکتی ہے، اس وٹامن کی کمی سے قبل از وقت آگاہ ہوکر آپ خود کودوسرے مسائل سے بچاسکتے ہیں۔

ٹھنڈ زیادہ محسوس ہونا

اگر آپ کو کچھ زیادہ ہی سردی محصوس ہوتی ہے تویہ اس بات کا عندیہ ہوسکتا ہے کہ آپ کو اپنے جسمانی دفاعی نظام کو بڑھانے کی ضرورت ہے یا اس نظام کو مسائل درپیش ہیں۔ یہ علامت وٹامن سی کی کمی یا کسی وائرس کے حملے کی نشانی بھی ہوسکتی ہے جس سے آپ آگاہ نہ ہوں، ایسی صورت میں ایک خون کے ٹیسٹ کے ذریعے خود کو مسائل سے قبل از وقت بچایا جاسکتا ہے اور اپنی صحت کو بہتر بنانے کی کوشش کی جاسکتی ہے۔

خراٹوں کا بڑھنا 

خراٹے لینا کافی عام عادت ہے مگر کیا آپ کو معلوم ہے کہ یہ دل کے امراض کا عندیہ بھی دے رہی ہوتی ہے۔ ایک تحقیق کے مطابق خراٹے لینے والے افراد میں خون کی شریانوں کے امراض کا خطرہ بڑھ جاتا ہے جس کی وجہ گردن کی شریانوں کا موٹا ہونا ہوتا ہے جو فالج اور ہارٹ اٹیک کا باعث بنتا ہے۔ درحقیقت خراٹے تمباکو نوشی، ہائی کولیسٹرول یا موٹاپے سے زیادہ گردن کی شہہ رگ کو نقصان پہنچاتے ہیں ۔ اس کی وجہ یہی ہے کہ یہ شہہ رگ کو نقصان پہنچاتے ہیں جس کا کام دماغ کو خون سپلائی کرنا ہوتا ہے۔

Benefits Of Tea Tree Oil For Skin

Benefits Of Tea Tree Oil For Skin

People have used Tea tree oil as a home remedy for many skin problems for years. Many cosmetics and skincare products have tea tree oil in them for better results. Following are twenty amazing benefits of tea tree oil for skin that you need to know

1. For Flawless Skin – Tea Tree Oil

Our environment is full of pollutants and it is difficult to take care of your skin, especially if you stay out all day long. These pollutants cause breakouts, hyperpigmentation, and blemishes. Dab a few drops of tea tree oil on your face or use mild products with tea tree oil to fix all of these problems. Try to avoid using harsh chemical products on your face.

2. Heals Razor Burns

Razor burns and ingrown hair are not a good sight or a good feeling at all. They cause inflammation on the skin and often bleed. Apply a few drops of tea tree oil after shaving on the shaved area. For ingrown hair, mix tea tree oil in water and then apply it.

3. Anti-fungal

Tea tree oil has anti-fungal properties and can cure diseases such as athlete’s foot and nail infections. Apply the oil to the affected area after diluting it in water.

4. Anti-septic

Tea tree oil has antiseptic properties. It can be applied over open wounds, cuts and other skin lesions. Dilute the tea tree oil in water and dab it with cotton over the affected area.

5. Treats Acne

There are a lot of face-washes and creams to treat acne, but most of them ruin your skin, even more than before. Find a face wash with tea tree oil in it. For better results use tea tree oil. Apply it with cotton all over the infected area.

6. Ringworms

Tea tree oil has been proven to be beneficial to cure corn, Warts, and ringworms. Dilute the oil and then apply it over the affected area.

7. For Dry Skin

Some of you have dry skin even during summers. Tea tree oil helps balance out the moisture. Mix 5 spoons of tea oil to 1 spoon of almond oil and massage it all over your skin. Take a normal bath after a while.

8. For Insect Bites and Skin Rashes

Tea tree oil is also used for medicinal purposes. It can help soothe down itchiness after insect bites and skin rashes. Add a few drops of tea oil to the water and bathe in it.

9. Fights against Psoriasis

Tea tree oil has anti-bacterial properties. Soak yourself in water containing around twenty drops of tea oil to cure psoriasis.

10. Relieves Pain in Chicken Pox

Chickenpox causes itching and tempts the affected person to scratch himself. This leads to scars. To avoid getting scars, take bath in a bathtub and add twenty drops of tea tree oil in it.

11. Boils

Boils can occur on any part of your body. It affects your hair follicles and it can get really bad. To avoid going to that extreme, dab tea tree oil over the infected area and watch it vanish in no time at all.

12. Body Odor

Bacteria can cause your body to smell really bad. Use tea oil soap in order to kill those excessive bacteria. This can control body odor.

13. After Shave and Lather

Tea tree oil can be used to form lather while shaving and it’s a very good option. It moisturizes your skin kills microbes. To give a soothing effect after shaving use tea oil.

14. Irritated Scalp

Since tea oil fights bacteria and other microbes, massaging tea oil mixed with any other oil such as mustard oil can help you cure irritated scalp.

15. For Bugs and Mosquitoes

Tea tree oil is an insect repellant and keeps mosquitoes away from your skin. Apply tea oil mixed with any other mineral oil and apply it all over your exposed skin.

16. To Keep the Diseases Away

Some insects transmit viral infections such as dengue and jaundice. To avoid getting infections of that sort, apply tea oil over your skin. Tea oil soaps and creams can also be used.

17. For Cuticles

Mix 10 drops of tea oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil in a dark bottle and store it in a cool place. Apply this mixture daily onto your nails to avoid splitting of cuticles.

18. Foot Odor

While doing your pedicure, go for natural substances. Add 1 tablespoon of dried rosemary, dried sage, ginger, baking powder each in 4 cups of warm water.  Add 10 drops of tea oil to the same water and then soak your feet in it. This helps fight against microbes causing foot odor.

19. Cold Sores

Cold sores are viral and can give a very bad look to your face if they occur on your lips. Apply tea oil directly onto the infected area to cure the cold sore.

20. For Yeast Infections

Mix 5 drops of tea oil and lavender oil both in distilled water. Apply this over the infected area to kill infections such as yeast, caused by the overgrowth of candida. Find Benefits of Olive Oil.