Elaborate the role of school in the development of the socialization process in children

Question: Considering education, elaborate the role of school in the development of the socialization process in children.

Answer: 

Socialization is considered to be the most important technique which helps children and adults to learn from one another. The process of learning does not start at the school level yet a human being starts learning from others from the early days of his life and this process continues all through his life.

Schools play an important role in the development of socialization among children. The type of development of socialization among students falls under the branch of  “Developmental Socialization.” It is the process of learning behavior in a social institution. Schools are considered as a second home for students because it is a school wherein students pass most of the time of the day which ultimately helps in the development of socialization. In the process of socialization, school plays a very significant role. The school transfers the habit of socialization by performing some tasks, activities, and some functions from the students.  The first and foremost function of the school is to transmit knowledge and skills to the younger generation. So in the process of socialization, the younger generation can utilize the knowledge and skills which help them to learn about social rights, rules, regulation, and social beliefs so that they live according to their own ideas and knowledge. They develop thinking skills so recreation lies in their behavior. Moreover, the importance of the school as an agency of socialization can be divided into three subtopics: the school and society, the classroom, and the teacher. When children begin school it is usually the first time that they come under the supervision of people who are not their relatives. It is likely that the school is the first agency that encourages children to develop loyalties and sentiments that go beyond the family and link them to a wider social order. The classroom is often seen as a place where the child is easily faced with socializing amongst peers. Since most of the things that children do in the classroom are done in the presence of their peers, they have to learn how to deal with a more formalized group situation. Furthermore, the school fosters all-round development in the personality of students, physical, mental, emotional, and social. It involves all students in different co-curricular activities so that students develop physically, mentally, and socially, for example, curricular activities like Puzzles, games, group discussion, and sports-related to the curriculum which develops students not only physically, socially but mentally also. It helps in the development of mental thinking skills and co-curricular or extra activities including debate, elocution, competition, drawing, etc. it also helps in developing particular skills in every student such as the development of social leadership qualities and political leadership traits as well. It indirectly helps every individual to be known as a social being as every individual becomes socialized by such activities.

The importance of school in the process of socialization does not end here. It also helps in keeping the moral power of the society, secure and also maintains the social heritage of the society. This social heritage is handed to the following generation by the school. So it brings awareness to an individual about the moral power of society and social heritage. School protects the historical continuity of society. It performs the function of acquainting the new generation with ancient myths and legends and maintaining the patterns of behavior in the form of traditions and customs. So students become aware of ancient myths and legends and behavior thereby behaving in a particular social way. Furthermore, the school is like a family, a social; institution which socializes the individual and provides him some experience in social control therefore, the students start to learn to accept the kind of social control that is imposed on them in school. A student also learns the rules of democracy from a school. Many countries that have democratic systems demand to indulge democratic policies in schools which helps the students to acquaint themselves with democratic norms of social control which is very important in the process of socialization. Thus students learn how to live with democratic norms and how to behave with each other.

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