AIOU Solved Assignments Cost Accounting 444 Autumn 2022
AIOU Solved Assignments Cost Accounting 444 Autumn 2022

Elaborate how technology has served as an agent of change

Question: Elaborate on how technology has served as an agent of change? Discuss its advantages and limitations.

Answer:  In schools, technology has served as a powerful agent of is observed that the schools are undergoing a major transformation as they are focusing more on a digital learning environment. Students are becoming more intellectual due to the greater opportunities to access information with the help of technology. It is also helping the Teachers to gain maximum information through the use of technology hence increasing their exposure to greater knowledge. This also helps them in conveying authentic and accurate knowledge. Technology is greatly affecting schools and communities all over the globe.  Technology has changed many traditional ways. It has brought a drastic change in the field of communication, lifestyle, and urbanization. Modernization etc.

Technology has changed the lifestyle of people. People are greatly affected by the progress of technology. Life would slow down with the absence of technology. Humans are becoming more mechanical as their efforts are only mental. They have less physical effort due to the presence of technology. People live differently from how they used to live in the past years. When technology is very reachable and human beings are very much willing to adopt this kind of technology, change is not a very impossible path. Technology has greatly improved the way people are living. It has developed the standard of living. Every action of men corresponds to a specific machine that could help men one way or another. Examples of these are computers to which people are doing almost all the electronic work. For example, the use of refrigerators, inverters are also changing the lifestyle of people.

Technology has a great role in the growth of industrialization. It has contributed to the growth of industries. Industrialization is a term covering in general terms the growth in a society hitherto mainly agrarian of modern industry with all its circumstances and problems, economic and social. It describes in general the growth of a society in which a major role is played by the manufacturing industry. Industrialization is associated with the factory system of production. The whole process of production is mechanized. Consequently, the traditional skills have declined and a good number of artisans have lost their work. Huge factories could provide employment opportunities to thousands of people.

Development In the transport system is also an important feature of has led to national and international trade on a large scale. The road transport, the train service, the ships, and the airplanes have eased the movement of men and material goods. Moreover, there are different ways of communication being introduced by technology. Post and telegraph, radio and television, newspapers and magazines, telephone and wireless, and the like have developed a great deal. Space research and the launching of satellites for communication purposes have further added to these developments. They have helped the people belonging to different corners of Pakistan or the world to have regular contacts.

Transformation in the economy and the evolution of the new social classes is also a feature of technology. The introduction of the factory system of production has turned the agricultural economy into an industrial economy. The industrial or the capitalist economy has divided the social organization into two predominant classes; the capitalist class and the working class. These two classes are always in conflict due to the mutual opposite interest. In the course of time, an intermediary class called the middle class has evolved.

The change brought by technology has positive as well as negative impacts. The above-mentioned points are some of the important benefits of technology. But technology has some limitations also. The limitations of technology include, increased threat of war, a high increase in the rate of unemployment, harmful effects to the environment, and growing illness among the masses due to the constant mental effort and a little physical effort.

The problem of unemployment is a concomitant feature of rapid technological advancement. Machines not only provide employment opportunities for men but also take away the jobs of men through labor-saving devices.

Technology has also increased the threat of war. The dangerous effect of technology is evident through the modern mode of warfare. The weaponry has brought fears and anxieties to mankind. They can easily destroy the entire human race and reveal how technology could be misused. Thus the greater the technological advancement the more risk for mankind.

Apart from it, technology has also increased the disease rate. Due to the great screen time, people are getting blind, they are suffering from acute muscle disease due to the continuous muscle tension. Moreover, technology has also affected the environment. Due to a large number of vehicles, the rate of pollution is increasing day by day which in turn affects not only human beings but the animal ecosystem also.

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