Describe the historical evolution of Special Education from 1985 to date in Pakistan
Describe the historical evolution of Special Education from 1985 to date in Pakistan. Make a histogram of the events.
With the advent of modernization, the trend and technology have changed, but the way of thinking of people still remains the same. Society often neglects the children and the people that have some kind of learning disabilities. Due to this, most of the time they receive negative feedback from their schools and could not be able to develop any kind of positive attitude to the outside world.
But, it is the right of every child to receive equal and same opportunity for receiving basic education. Special education is known due to the policies and programs based on the education specially designed for the children that are gifted or handicapped, that have any kind of mental, physical, or emotional disabilities. They require a special type of teaching approach or care or equipment that can be used both within and outside the regular classroom.
The special classes organized for these disabled or gifted children have become a necessity. It allows the students to enjoy the education and gain confidence due to individual learning. For the personal growth and development of special children, it is important for all of them to receive a proper education. The disability cases could include emotional, mental, physical, or developmental. There are multiple numbers of impairments that a student could go through, like, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Multiple Disabilities, Developmental Delay, Traumatic Brain Injury, Orthopedic Impairment, Speech and Language Impairment, Visual and Hearing Impairment (including blindness), and many more.
Therefore, it is necessary for especially disabled children to maintain the pace in the learning process with the children that do not have any special needs, as they have the right to fulfill the requirements and explore their own potential regardless of any disability. The concept of special education mainly focuses on the designing of an educational structure that has the potential to overpower the disadvantages of any disability along with helping the children to get quality education. So, it has become very important for the educator or the teacher to follow the classroom rules that could fulfill their requirements.
1. To meet the requirements of the students, proper and well-maintained instructions should be structured which can be faster or slower according to the need of the student. For providing individual attention to each student, the size of the class should be kept smaller. This will enable the student to understand the entire information provided to them by their tutors.
2. The educators of special education should have well-determined education so that they can individually educate each student. Before the proper encoding of the information, repeated trials and opportunities should be given to them.
3. Tutors should use unique aids and tools for teaching students with special needs. Educators should use special and unique ideas for increasing their understanding of the information given to them. They should adopt the trial and error methodology. Alternative usage of tools can be performed, like if one tool does not work, a tutor can use another tool that could easily replace the previous one.
4. Patience and tolerance are meant to be the most important key in the classroom of special education. With regards to the behavior of the student, a positive attitude is essential. The cognitive capabilities can be affected by the wrong attitude of the teachers or the tutors.
Therefore, a special educator should always have certain qualities including an intuitive, hard-working, good sense of humor, creativity, and a love for both children and teaching, as unless they will not create their focus, they would not be able to provide proper training to those specialized children. For carrying out the teaching pattern in an easy manner, the education course with special needs has become necessary and teachers can have an in-depth understanding of different behavioral patterns and psyche of children with special needs. So, training also plays a significant role to become a teacher for special children.
There are some ways that can be helpful for a teacher to get proper training and can help a child to overcome their learning, disability, and exceptional issues. With these methods, a teacher can help students with their special needs.
With proper observation, a tutor can understand the learning needs and procedure of the child. A teacher who is enrolled in the field of special education plays an important role in the expansion and advancement of the learning needs of special children.
The 21stcentury is full of technologies and techniques. Everyone is advanced, so the teachers that cannot survive in an environment full of patience could not be able to go in the long run. He/she needs to be very dedicated, inventive, resourceful and determined if they are working as a special education teacher.
It is the core responsibility of the special education teacher to become enough responsible so that the students could be able to achieve excellence irrespective of their disabilities.
Being a teacher of special children, it is important for them to create a lasting impression on your student. Students could be able to get inspiration from the teacher who is teaching them. A teacher can give the biggest reward to their student by giving them hope and encouragement.
It is only the dedicated tutor that provides a special platform to the children having special needs along with the driving of their learning issues which can make their life successful. It requires making the necessary options for a special needs education course.
The special education courses aim at providing training without leaving any gap in between. A good teacher in special education helps in making training before considering the importance of job responsibilities. A person or a student with any kind of disability can easily conquer the world by their hard work and skills. For this, they should be given special opportunities without any terms and conditions. The development of a broader education system allows the tutors to have specialized training with an urgent requirement.