Highlight the factors that became the reason for the unsuccessful end of the Khilafat Movement

Highlight the factors that became the reason for the unsuccessful end of the Khilafat Movement? Justify your answer with five relevant points.

  • The non-violence, non-cooperative movement turned into violence. After the Chaura chauri incident in February 1922, Gandhi himself called the non-corporation movement which causes a severe blow to the Khilafat movement.
  • Gandhi and other Muslim’s leaders of the movement were arrested in 1922 with the arrested leader the movement lost its momentum
  • Although the Khilafat movement was the first movement in which Hindus and Muslims worked together, their unity was probably always doomed to failure. The Hindu aim for self-rule was not really in the objective of the Muslims and Hindus were prepared to support the Muslims in protecting their religious right only as long as it helped move India towards self-rule.
  • Hijrat movement at the critical stage was another blow for Muslims. Hijrat to Afghanistan where the Muslims were shocked by the lack of support from the Afghan government.
  • The chauri Chaura in which a lot of policemen were burnt to death, frightened Gandhi who immediately called off the non-corporation Campaign.
  • The Turks themselves abolished the caliphate as they too wanted Turkey to be a nation instead of an empire. Kamal Attaturk took control of Turkey and abolished the system of the caliphate.
  • On the 3rd March 1924, the final and deadly blow was struck at the Khilafat movement by Mustafa Kamal Ata Turk Pasha who exiled Khalifa, Muhammad 6, and abolished the nationalist government of turkey.

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