Advantages And Disadvantages Of  Information And Communication Technologies

Question:

Write Down The Advantages And Disadvantages Of  Information And Communication Technologies

Answer:

Information and communication technologies

ICT stands for  “information and communication technologies. It is generally the use of modern technologies in this modern era. The world become a global village and growing rapidly. There are three terms of  ICT as  Information, communication, Technologies.

Information:

Information is an organized form of raw data. It is used for decision-making. Information refers to output to every input. Information is very meaningful in helpful in every decision.

Communication:

Communication takes place between two or more persons. It is basically the transfer of ideas, thoughts, and different messages among people. Communication can be either verbal or non-verbal.

Technologies:

It is generally used for making, adapting, and usage of different tools for the purpose of problem-solving and achieving goals in less time.

ICT has many advantages and disadvantages. Which are as follows:

Advantages:

  • Communication:

We can communicate with different people in less time. We can easily share ideas thoughts and different messages all over the world. Such social network sites provide SKYPE that allows video conferencing for easy communication.

  • Cost-effectiveness:

It is cost-effective. Because many people use social media for free communication and to save time and money.

  • Greater availability:

Websites are open for a communicational time. This means that a business can be open anytime and anywhere giving a customer the capability to make purchases and sales from different sites and different countries.

  • Bridging the cultural gap

ICT has helped a lot to build bridges between different cultures giving them the facility to exchange their views and ideas. Also, educate both sides of the communication bridge by increasing awareness and reducing prejudice.

  • Creation of jobs:

The best advantage of ICT  is the creation of new and interesting jobs in the IT sector.  Many people work as Computer programmers, web designers, etc., and have great employment opportunities created through the advancement of technology.

Disadvantages:

  • Lack of Security/Privacy:

It also brought along privacy and security issues. Just like email hacking, phone signal interception, etc. There are also risk factors with the systems computer viruses, malware, spam, Trojans, etc., attacking.

  • Unemployment:

While it saves a lot of time and money but it is a great cause of unemployment. Many people work by using computers at their home and it results in unemployment

  • Social media:

The network pages are open to everyone including teenagers and young children’s which can affect their mental and physical health by watching and playing violent games. They became addicted to their phones.

  • Cyberbullying:

It is so easy now bullying and threaten others on social network pages that this has become much easier for internet users all over the world. In the recent past, there have been so many investigation cases regarding cyberbullying with lethal consequences.

 

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